seven cases of hepatitis of unknown origin in children, disease reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) last month, are being investigated in Brazil. According to the Ministry of Health, there are four cases in Rio de Janeiro and another three in Paraná.
According to the ministry, the Centers for Strategic Information on Health Surveillance (Cievs) and the National Hospital Surveillance Network (Renaveh) are monitoring changes in the epidemiological profile and the detection of suspected cases of the disease. The guidance of the folder is that any suspicion should be reported immediately by health professionals.
In an interview with LOOK this week, the digestive system surgeon Andre Ibrahim Davidwho is a reference in liver transplants and professor at the Faculty of Medicine of the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), stated that Brazil may have cases of the disease.
“We are part of the world and the flow from Europe to Brazil and the United States to Brazil is very large. I believe it will arrive in Brazil and we have to be prepared.”
The first reports of fulminant hepatitis in children were made in European countries and were mainly concentrated in the United Kingdom. According to the balance released by the WHO this week, there are at least 228 mysterious hepatitis records and a death in the world. In a survey on April 25, it was reported 17 cases of children who needed a liver transplant.
The entity investigates the relationship of cases with adenovirus, which causes gastrointestinal and respiratory diseases. There are suspicions that subtype 41, which causes gastroenteritis, is the cause of the disease, but the WHO is still investigating whether toxic substances, medications, and environmental agents are linked to the problem.
Hepatitis is a inflammation that affects the liver and, in most episodes, it is caused by a virus, but it can be related to the use of toxic substances, including medication, alcohol consumption, hereditary diseases and autoimmune disorders. The main symptoms are jaundice (yellow color of the skin or eyes), diarrhea, abdominal pain and vomiting. In affected children, laboratory tests ruled out types A, B, C, E, and D (when applicable).
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